John Chilcote II

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John Chilcote II
Born 1665[1]
Stocumber, Somersetshire, England (if born where baptized)
Died c. 1740 (see estimate below)
Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Residence Stocumber, Somersetshire, England (1665–1685) «Did not recognize date. Try slightly modifying the date in the first parameter.–Did not recognize date. Try slightly modifying the date in the first parameter.»"Marriage: Stocumber, Somersetshire, England to John Chilcote II" Location: (linkback:
Barbados (1685–1704) «Did not recognize date. Try slightly modifying the date in the first parameter.–Did not recognize date. Try slightly modifying the date in the first parameter.»"Marriage: Barbados to John Chilcote II" Location: (linkback:
Baltimore, Maryland (1704–1727) «Did not recognize date. Try slightly modifying the date in the first parameter.–Did not recognize date. Try slightly modifying the date in the first parameter.»"Marriage: Baltimore, Maryland to John Chilcote II" Location: (linkback:
Western Run, Baltimore, Maryland (1727) «Did not recognize date. Try slightly modifying the date in the first parameter.»"Marriage: Western Run, Baltimore, Maryland to John Chilcote II" Location: (linkback:
Spouse Alice Sanderson (m. 1698) «Did not recognize date. Try slightly modifying the date in the first parameter.»"Marriage: Alice Sanderson to John Chilcote II" Location: (linkback: in Barbados[2]
Children James Chilcoat
Thomas Chilcoat
Mary Chilcoat
John Chilcoat III[3]
Parents John Chilcoat I[4]
See map of John Chilcote II's descendents and ancestors


[edit] Early Life

John was baptized April 4, 1665 in Stocumber, Somersetshire, England[5].

[edit] Emigration from England to Maryland

Monmouth's execution on Tower Hill, 15 July 1685 (O.S).
"BIOGRAPHY: Our immigrant ancestor participated in the [Monmouth Rebellion] in England of 1685 against King James II. The story leading up to the rebellion is an interesting period of English history. The [Duke of Monmouth] was an illegitimate son of English King Charles II and soon after his birth both Monmouth and his mother were banished from England. Later the Duke returned and became a prominent Protestant political figure--some believed he might inherit the English crown after his fathers' death.

"Upon the death of [King Charles II] on Feb. 6, 1685 the Catholic Duke of York (brother of deceased King) acceded to power as [King James II]. Monmouth landed at Lyme Regis. Dorset with eighty-two followers in June and quickly raised over 4,000 additional men. On July 6, 1685 Monmouth's Army was completely defeated on the Plain of Sedgemoor, Somerset. The Duke fled but was soon caught and beheaded.

"Monmouth's followers were also captured and their properties confiscated. Several hundred of the prisoners were executed and about eight hundred were deported to the West Indies to be sold as servants for a period of 10 years (mostly to work in the sugar plantations). Ten years was more than twice the length of most ordinary servants, but pressure for this time period was made by an angry King James II and acts were passed on various islands to legalize the order.

"John Chilcote II was one of those captured and was scheduled to be sent to Barbados Island. He was consigned to Sir William Booth on Sept. 25, 1685 after being held in Bridgewater Prison. He was delivered to Captain William Stokes of the ship John Friggot of Bristol on Oct. 24, 1685. He arrived at Barbados on Jan. 28, 1685. (Julien calender [sic] is used.) Of the one hundred prisoners on this ship, only seventy-five survived the voyage. John Chilcote II was committed to the services of a Planter named Ann Gallop.

"After a few years the religious and political climate in England altered. Following the accession of the throne of William and Mary, orders were given to repeal the ten year term of service imposed on the Monmouth rebels. There were difficulties carrying out these humane instructions. It was argued that the orders would harshly affect the employers who had bought the services. Accordingly a compromise was agreed to where the service was reduced and the conditions of servitude to others improved. It was found that some of the convicts had already been released. Eventually some men returned to England, some voluntarily remained in the West Indies, and some of the rebels went to the main land colonies to live.

"According to family tradition, John's brother James helped secure his release from Barbados and they both went to Maryland about 1704. There is some confusion relating to exactly how James helped in the release of John. One story indicated that John's land in England was restored to him and James handled the sale of the property in order to obtain funds for the two to relocate to Maryland. They are recorded as having each purchased one hundred acres of land from Lord Baltimore in 1727 where Baltimore now stands. Shortly afterward they sold this land and moved to the eighth district, making their residence along Western Run in Baltimore County.[6]"

[edit] John's Time in Barbados

The Original Lists.JPG

The above story is corroborated by a book named "The Original Lists Of Persons of Quality; Emigrants; Emigrants; Religious Exiles; Political Rebels; Serving Men Sold For a Term of Years; Apprentices; Children Stolen; Maidens Pressed; And Others Who Went From Great Britain To The American Plantations. 1600 - 1700." On page 336, it confirms that John Chilcott was delivered to Ann Gallop in 1685 (p.336)[7]

Another book, "The Ship Corea Of Providence, D. Jackson, Commander Of Elsinore, Denmark, in 1839"[8] states that something was "Shipped by Benjamin Newbury on Ship Amity , Richard Diamond, master, Newport to Barbados, unto 'Widdow Ann Gallop', July 11, 1685." This suggests that Ann had a husband. the 1680 census of Barbados does, indeed, contain a Gallop: Captain Henry Gallop, who appears to own land in both St. John and St. Joseph parishes.[9].

According to "The Quaker Community on Barbados"[10] Captain Gallop was one of the wealthiest Quaker planters on Barbados. At that time, big Quaker planters on Barbados averaged 223 acres, 113 slaves, and 3 servants. "Faith and Fortune: Religious Identity and the Politics of Profit in the Seventeenth-Century Caribbean"[11] says that Captain Gallop died in 1680 and confirms his Quaker faith in two footnotes:

  • 184 Will of Capt. Henry Gallop (d. 1680), BDA, RB6/14, 104-10.
  • 181 Captain Henry Gallop of St Joseph (d. 1680) seemed unusual in his dedication to the Quaker collectivity, choosing his children’s guardians because they were “in the same faith and Judgment as I am in now.” However, he warned those same executors that if any of them “should turn from that which they now profess or should suffer they or my children to transgress the commandments of the Lord whereby the Lord is dishonored,” they might be excluded, and if all were to die or turn apostate, “then in such case I desire men and women friends of the Spring Meeting to take the whole and sole care of all my children...” (BDA, RB6/15, 104-10).

While in Barbados, John married Alice Sanderson:

  • According to the "Barbados parochial registers, Series A, 1637-1850 (Anglican)"[12], Alice Sanderson married John on 9/3/1698 in St. James, Barbados.
  • Users have submitted various records for Alice that suggest she was born in England, perhaps in the same county or even township as John, in years ranging from 1665 to 1677.

[edit] Time in Maryland

"NEWSPAPER ARTICLE: Found at the Maryland Historical Society: Corunna, De Kalb Co., Ind. September 1, 1875: In the year 1727 two brothers James and John Chilcote, entered land where the city of Baltimore now stands and soon after they entered the land, John and his wife both died leaving a son named John; and his Uncle James took him and raised him. Soon after he became of age he married and moved out on Wester Run, leaving his property with his Uncle James. Here he raised four boys; Robinson, John, Joshua, and Humphrey. Now the descendants of these four boys are rightful heirs to the property that John and James Chilcote left in Baltimore when they died. Besides this, John Sr. left a large estate in England. He was in the Monmouth insurrection, and King James 2nd soon quenched the insurrection and the insurrectionists had to flee for safety, and John Chilcote and about 70 others came to America. The King had their property confiscated, but years afterwards Parliament passed an act restoring said property. We have made a lengthy investigation of the Baltimore Claim and have located John's claim and have abstracts of deeds and another that never passed out of his hands on record. We also find that James left 170 1/2 acres which is in the three tracts, and 125 heirs. It was signed, Leander Buchanan, Committee for Coll. of Funds.[13]"

[edit] Death Date

Jim.Lindstrom: When John and his brother James purchased land in 1727, John was already 62 years old. It is likely he died in the next 5-20 years (at 67 to 82 years old). This would place his death year between 1732 and 1747.

[edit] See Also

[edit] Notes

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